The United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) is the convention with the most signatory nations of all the human rights treaties. Article 1 of this groundbreaking treaty presents a clear definition of discrimination which can easily be incorporated into our existing principles.
- The term “discrimination against women” shall mean
- any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the
- effect or purpose of
- impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women,
- irrespective of their marital status on a basis of equality of men and women,
- of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.
- Direct or Indirect (Intended or Unintended) – Indirect includes a neutral law which has the effect of discriminating
- In law (de jure) or in practice (de facto)
- Present or Past/Structural, which is to say "historical discrimination"
- In all fields (civil, politcal, social, cultural, economic)
- Inter-sectional / Multiple Discrimination
- Race or Ethnicity
Considering a majority of the global inhabitants (51%), and a majority of Fair Trade Producers are women who experience various forms of discrimination on a daily basis, the Fair Trade Movement must take a more active role in eliminating discrimination against women. We can also broaden this definition to include discrimination based on race, caste, national origin, religion, disability, sexual orientation, union membership, political affiliation, HIV/Aids status or age.
- Normal working condition: 4 months paid maternity leave
- Hardship (rural / military / dangerous environment): 5 months paid maternity leave
- Disabled women: 6 months paid maternity leave
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